### Life and achievements

##### Early life

Grantham School started Newton's education; a master named Mr Henry Stokes saw his potential and advised him to continue his studies and take science as his specialty. This first encouragement played its part in determining the character of Newton's learning in mathematics and mechanics.

Newton went to Trinity College of Cambridge University, and at this time, he could study the works of the Renaissance thinkers. His primary sources of inspiration were such great scholars as Galileo, Kepler, and Descartes, who contributed to the formation of a new vision of the world.

Working under the guidance of Isaac Barrow, Newton acquired the methods that would forever change mathematics and physics. Thanks to his curiosity and Barrow's help, Newton made progress that can be considered crucial in the development of science.

##### Legacy

It is impossible to dispute Isaac Newton's impact on the world. His laws of motion and gravitation described the action of bodies and the forces that control them. Newton's work, which included the invention of calculus, a powerful mathematical tool, was useful in engineering, economics, and physical science.

In addition to formulas and equations, Newton was also interested in experiments. He showed the value of asking questions and seeking answers through testing, and this kind of thinking has been in use until today. Newton's ideas paved the way for the Enlightenment, a time when people held reason and knowledge in high esteem, and thus, the development of modern science and technology.

When we speak about Isaac Newton, we are not only honouring a great scientist. We are celebrating one who tore the veil of ignorance and made us wake up, reason, ask questions, and learn. Newton remains the inspiration source for scientists, thinkers, and dreamers of different generations.

Beneficial Consequence of Newton's Studies

Enlightenment of Minds: Newton's philosophical and theological works urged people to think about the nature of the universe and man's position in it. His work helped to broaden people's perception of the universe and humanity's place in it.

Integration of Science and Religion: Newton proved that science and religion should not be enemies. He was very much a man of faith, and he saw in the study of nature a way of deepening one's faith in God the Creator.

Legacy of Inquiry: Newton's curiosity drove subsequent generations to ask questions and seek answers about the universe. These are some of the knowledge contributions that have put his mark on the philosophy of science in modern society.

Isaac Newton was inspired by the most important philosophical and theological issues and a passion for knowledge that transcended mere curiosity. He wanted others to join him in this endeavour and continue to leave behind a trail of questioning that is still followed today.

### Milestone moments

## May 20, 1665

**Mathematical Contributions**

Coming to the life of Isaac Newton, he was head and shoulders above the crowd, and in particular his changes in mathematics that influence today’s world. Calculus is one of the great achievements that he has completed in his lifetime. It is a branch of math which enables you to determine how a certain situation evolves over a specified period and also the amount of evolution undergone by the said situation.

It was not one person who formulated calculus, it was Isaac Newton and a mathematician from Germany by the name Leibniz, both working on separate calculus at the same time. This new math became an approach of revolution to many fields including physics, engineering, and economic.

Newton also engaged in the fields of algebra and geometry to a very large extent. He also discovered more approaches to solve equations and analyze various types of curves and surfaces that explain their aspect ratios. It was not only theoretical, but it was also practical in the areas that he engaged in during his work. For instance, he applied this in practicing astronomy by calculating planetary and comets trajectories correctly at that time. This was very beneficial to astronomers and navigators who required the observation of the monthly positions of planets.

Newton's mathematical work was not merely an academic exercise. It had practical implications from which people could benefit and gain clarity about their existence.Newton's discoveries have significantly influenced scientific and technological progress, particularly in calculus, algebra, and geometry.

## Jul 5, 1687

**Newton’s Laws of Motion**

Perhaps Newton's most famous contribution to physics is his formulation of the three laws of motion:

This law states an object which is still stays a moving object continues to move at equal to the same speed unless equal and opposite force is applied on it.

Newton’s second law, F = ma, states that the force acting on an object is equal to the mass of the object multiplied by its acceleration.

Newton’s third law states that for every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction.

These laws provided the basis for the formation of classical mechanics and altered how matter, and energy, in motion.

## Jul 5, 1687

**Universal Gravitation**

As stated in Isaac Newton's book *Principia*, the law of universal gravitation dictates that every object in the universe attracts every other object with a force proportional to their masses and inversely proportional to the square of the distance between them.The strength of this attraction depends on two things: the overall quantities of the objects and intervals between them.

The formula is: F = G(m1m2)/R2

## Feb 16, 1704

**Newton on Optics and Its Relation to Light**

First, the role of optical images as studied by Isaac Newton in optics and light made a shift towards how we perceive objects around us. One of his famous experiments was to have passed a light through a prism and the light fragmented into colors. This proved that what was considered as white light was actually a combination of many colors.

Here are some important things Newton discovered about light:

**Colors of Light:** Newton realized that color is not something that occurs when the light falls on the objects, but colors are an inherent feature of light.

**Prism Fun:** He used prisms to separate white light into its component colors and then recombined them, demonstrating that white light is composed of different colors.

**Reflecting Telescopes:** New Newton’s photographs are manufactured from mirrors instead of lenses, and he made a telescope that way. This came specifically in assisting in creating better images through eliminating a condition referred to as chromatic aberration.

**“Optics”“Optics” Book:** He also published a book called “Optics” in which he described experiments he carried and theories he had about light and colors. Owing to this book, it became possible to study light, and the case made many other scientists possible as well.

Newton’s work with light was not only established our understanding of what light is, but also extended into researching and developing better instruments such as telescopes. This was helpful to scientists in making exploration as well as acquiring knowledge about the universe much easier to achieve.